Russia debuted at the Eurovision Song Contest 1994 and have participated 22 times. The country has had a mix of placings, but have always placed in the top 20. Besides winning the contest once, they have managed to come in second and third four times each. From 2004 to 2016, they held a 100% qualification record, before failing to qualify for the first time in 2018.
In 2016, the Russian jury live streamed themselves on Periscope during voting for the first semifinal. Juror Anastasia Slotskaya showed her scorecard. A day later, the EBU announced that she was dismissed from the Russian jury and that her votes were declared invalid by the EBU.
Russia withdrew from the 2017 Contest in Kiev following a travel ban imposed on Yulia Samoilova. They officially announced their withdrawal on 13th April 2017 after rejecting multiple proposals from the EBU Reference Group.