Israel joined the Eurovision family in 1973. Despite being a Middle Eastern nation, the nation is a member of the European Broadcasting Union and as such is allowed to participate in the contest. Since their debut, they've only missed five contests: three due to the observance of their national holiday, one due to relegation, and failing to qualify for the 1996 contest via the audio-only pre-qualifying round.
In 1998 in Birmingham, history was made by Israel when Dana International became the first transsexual artist to win the contest.
With the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, Israel has managed to qualify for the final 10 times.
Israel was one of the few countries which had never performed any of their entries entirely in English, although 14 of their entries partially included lyrics in English. It was not until 2015 when Nadav Guedj sang his entry, Golden Boy, without a single word in Hebrew. He helped Israel qualify for the final for the first time since 2010. Since then, all entries from Israel have been sung entirely in English, although their 2018 and 2020 entries have some words in Hebrew.
On 9 May 2017, just before the start of the first semifinal, IBA shut down its operations with its replacement, IPBC (KAN), starting operations on 15 May 2017. On 24 May 2017, IPBC filed for membership. On 2 October 2017, the EBU granted IPBC temporary membership as their application process went on, allowing Israel to participate in 2018. On 7 December 2018, KAN was granted full membership by the EBU.