The Eurovision Song Contest 2012 was the 57th annual contest of the Eurovision Song Contest. It was hosted in the Baku Crystal Hall, Baku, Azerbaijan after Ell and Nikki won for Azerbaijan in 2011 with Running Scared. The two semi-finals were hosted on the 22 and 24 May 2012 and the final on 26 May 2012.
The contest was won by Loreen from Sweden with the song Euphoria which was written by Thomas G:son and Peter Boström. Euphoria earned a total of 372 points, placing it in the top spot. Russia finished in second place, with Serbia finishing in third. They were followed by the host country, Azerbaijan, which reached the 4th place. Albania achieved its first top 5 placing and finished 5th, which was their best result to date. Germany, Italy and Spain were the three members of the Big Five that managed to rank within the top 10, finishing in 8th, 9th and 10th places respectively.
The theme for the 2012 Contest was "Light Your Fire!"This matches Azerbaijan's nickname - "Land of Fire."
The Pre-Song Postcards reflected many aspects of Azerbaijan and Baku and acted as a tourism mechanism to present the country and the city to the world. Some postcards focused on Azerbaijan, while others focused on Baku with a shot of a famous landmark or landscape. The postcards then cut to a shot of the Crystal Hall lit up in the colours of the performing country.
Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, which projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two principal parts: the downtown and the old Inner City. Baku's urban population at the beginning of 2009 was estimated at just over two million people.
The semi-final allocation draw was held on 25 January 2012 at the Buta Palace. The insignia handover ceremony took place before the draw began, officially beginning the countdown to the contest.
The pots were as follows, calculated by the EBU's voting providers Digame and based on historical voting patterns:
|Pot 1||Pot 2||Pot 3||Pot 4||Pot 5||Pot 6||Finalists|
Bosnia and Herzegovina
| Azerbaijan (Host)|
- Armenia withdrew about a month and a half after the draw.
|Kaliopi||1996 Pre-qualifier round|
- När jag blundar was performed in Swedish - the first time the language had been used in Eurovision since 1998.
- Party for Everybody representing Russia was partially in Udmurt.
- Love Unlimited had a few words in Azerbaijani - the language had never been performed at Eurovision before.
- I'm a Joker was partially performed in Georgian - another language that had never been performed at Eurovision before.
Azerbaijan, Italy and Spain voted in this semi-final. The EBU allowed RTSH, the Albanian broadcaster to not broadcast this semi final due to a bus accident. This meant Albania used a full jury vote instead of the televote.
France, the United Kingdom and Germany voted in this semi-final. Germany requested that the country vote in this semi final. Armenia was supposed to participate in this semi, but then withdrew for security reasons.
- Andorra cited financial reasons for their withdrawal on 19 October 2011.
- Armenia withdrew for security reasons on 7 March 2012 after President Aliyev of Azerbaijan gave a speech saying "Our main enemies are Armenians of the world and the hypocritical and corrupt politicians under their control.". AMPTV was fined by the EBU for their withdrawal 
- The Czech Republic withdrew on 24 November 2011 due to scheduling conflicts. 
- Monaco seemed to be considering a return to the Contest, but Phil Bosco (a former Head of Delegation) confirmed there was a lack of funds. 
- Poland withdrew to concentrate on hosting the UEFA European Football Championship with Ukraine. 
- This year marks the first time since 2003 where Greece doesn't make the top ten. Coincidentally, both songs attained the same place (17th).
- This was the first year that Georgia didn't qualify for the grand final.
- This year marked North Macedonia's first qualification since 2007, but also their last until 2019.
- This was the first year where the winner debuted the highest on the ESC Top 250.